25 Things you didn't know about Poland


by Mmeri
7mins read

Do you know these 25 Interesting Facts About Poland That Most People Don’t Know?  …And you wouldn’t know either if you hadn’t seen this post. But before we dive into those facts, let’s talk about beautiful Poland and why it’s a perfect tourist destination.

Poland, officially known as the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine, and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) to the northeast. The capital and largest city of Poland is Warsaw. It has a population of over 38 million people and covers an area of around 312,696 square kilometers, making it the ninth-largest country in Europe. The official language spoken is Polish, and the currency is the Polish złoty (PLN).

Poland has a rich and diverse history. It was once a powerful nation during the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 16th and 17th centuries, encompassing territories from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. The country has faced numerous challenges and invasions throughout its history, including partitions and occupations by neighboring countries.

After World War II, Poland fell under communist rule and was a part of the Eastern Bloc until the fall of communism in 1989. The country then underwent significant political and economic transformations, transitioning into a democratic republic and joining the European Union in 2004.

Poland boasts a diverse and picturesque landscape. It is known for its beautiful natural attractions, including the Tatra Mountains, Bieszczady Mountains, Masurian Lake District, and the Baltic Sea coastline. The country is also home to national parks, ancient forests, and stunning historical sites.


Polish culture is deeply rooted in traditions and customs. The country takes pride in its rich folklore, traditional music, dance, and craftsmanship. Polish cuisine is hearty and diverse, featuring popular dishes such as pierogi (dumplings), bigos (hunter’s stew), kielbasa (sausage), and a variety of traditional pastries and desserts.

Poland has made significant contributions to the fields of science, arts, and literature. Renowned Polish figures include astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, scientist Marie Curie, composer Frédéric Chopin, film director Andrzej Wajda, and writer Henryk Sienkiewicz, among many others.

In recent years, Poland has experienced strong economic growth and has become an important player in the European Union. It has a thriving industrial sector, including automotive, electronics, and information technology. The country also attracts tourists from around the world, drawn to its rich history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty.

Overall, Poland is a country with a fascinating past, a vibrant present, and a promising future. It offers a unique blend of historical landmarks, natural wonders, cultural traditions, and warm hospitality, making it an intriguing destination for visitors and a cherished home for its people.



[blockquote align=\”none\” author=\”Albert Camus\”]Not all those who wander are lost” ~ J.R.R. Tolkiene. [/blockquote]

Here are 25 interesting facts about Poland that you may not know:

  • Poland is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, and Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast).
  • Poland is the ninth-largest country in Europe by land area.
  • Warsaw, the capital and largest city of Poland, is known as the “Phoenix City” because it was almost completely rebuilt after being destroyed in World War II.
  • Poland has a rich history and was once one of the largest and most powerful countries in Europe during the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • The Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus formulated the heliocentric theory, which states that the Earth revolves around the Sun.


  • Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the historic centers of Kraków and Warsaw, Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, and the Białowieża Forest.
  • Polish cuisine is diverse and includes popular dishes such as pierogi (dumplings), bigos (hunter’s stew), and kielbasa (sausage).
  • Poland is famous for its beautiful landscapes, including the Tatra Mountains, Bieszczady Mountains, Masurian Lake District, and the Baltic Sea coastline.
  • The Polish language is part of the West Slavic branch and shares similarities with Czech and Slovak.
  • Poland is known for its rich folk traditions, including colorful regional costumes, traditional music, and dance forms like the polonaise and mazurka.




  • The iconic Polish pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola, near Warsaw. His music is celebrated worldwide.
  • Poland has a strong Catholic tradition and is home to many magnificent churches and cathedrals. The largest is the Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń, which can accommodate over 7,000 worshippers.
  • Poland has a unique Easter Monday tradition called Śmigus-Dyngus (Wet Monday), where people playfully splash water on each other.
  • The Wieliczka Salt Mine near Kraków is one of the world’s oldest operating salt mines and is famous for its stunning underground chambers and sculptures made entirely of salt.
  • Poland is known for its love of mushrooms, and mushroom picking is a popular activity, especially during the autumn season.



  • Polish scientist Marie Curie, born in Warsaw, was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and remains the only person to have won Nobel Prizes in two different scientific fields (Physics and Chemistry).
  • The Polish cavalry, known as the Winged Hussars, was one of the most formidable cavalry units in history. They wore distinctive wings attached to their armor and were known for their bravery and effectiveness in battle.
  • Poland has a strong tradition of craftsmanship, including intricate woodcarvings, pottery, and traditional folk art known as “Wycinanki” (paper cutouts).
  • The annual Wrocław Global Bridge Festival in Poland is famous for its colorful display of thousands of illuminated lanterns released into the sky.
  • The Polish city of Toruń is the birthplace of the astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler, known for his laws of planetary motion.




  • The Polish film industry has produced internationally acclaimed directors and films, including Andrzej Wajda, Krzysztof Kieślowski, and the award-winning movie “Ida.”
  • Poland is home to the Białowieża Forest, one of the last and largest remaining parts of the primeval forest that once covered much of Europe. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a haven for diverse plant and animal species.
  • Polish composer and conductor Witold Lutosławski is renowned for his innovative musical compositions and is considered one of the major composers of the 20th century.
  • The Warsaw Uprising, which took place in 1944 during World War II, was one of the largest and most significant resistance operations against the Nazi occupation.
  • The Solidarity movement, led by Lech Wałęsa, played a crucial role in the fall of communism in Poland and inspired other countries in Central and Eastern Europe to strive for freedom and democracy.

These are just a few interesting facts about Poland, a country with a rich history, vibrant culture, and beautiful landscapes.

Feel free to check out the Best restaurants you must try when in Oia

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